MRI enterography is a type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) used to visualize the small intestine and surrounding structures within the abdomen and pelvis. It is often used to diagnose and evaluate conditions such as Crohn’s disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and other inflammatory conditions of the intestine.
The procedure involves the use of a contrast agent, typically a type of dye, which is ingested orally or administered through an intravenous (IV) line. This contrast agent enhances the visibility of the intestine and surrounding structures on the MRI images. In some cases, the procedure may be performed without the use of a contrastēagent, but this may not provide as detailed or accurate images.
Before the procedure, the patient is asked to remove any metal objects and may be given a sedative to help them relax. They are then placed on a table that slides into the MRI machine. A small tube may be inserted into the patient’s rectum to help provide better images of the lower intestine.
During the procedure, the patient lies still while the MRI machine takes a series of images of the abdomen and pelvis. The process is painless and takes approximately 30-60 minutes to complete.
After the procedure, the patient can usually return to normal activities immediately. However, if a contrast agent was used, they may be asked to drink extra fluids to help flush it out of their system.